nginx配置ssl双向验证

1、安装nginx

省略

使用openssl实现证书中心

由于是使用openssl架设私有证书中心,因此要保证以下字段在证书中心的证书、服务端证书、客户端证书中都相同

Country Name
 State or Province Name
 Locality Name
 Organization Name
 Organizational Unit Name

编辑证书中心配置文件

vim /etc/pki/tls/openssl.cnf
[ CA_default ]
 dir             = /etc/pki/CA
 certs           = $dir/certs            # Where the issued certs are kept
 crl_dir         = $dir/crl              # Where the issued crl are kept
 database        = $dir/index.txt        # database index file.
 #unique_subject = no                    # Set to 'no' to allow creation of
 # several ctificates with same subject.
 new_certs_dir   = $dir/newcerts         # default place for new certs.
 certificate     = $dir/cacert.pem       # The CA certificate
 serial          = $dir/serial           # The current serial number
 crlnumber       = $dir/crlnumber        # the current crl number                                        # must be commented out to leave a V1 CRL
 crl             = $dir/crl.pem          # The current CRL
 private_key     = $dir/private/cakey.pem# The private key
 RANDFILE        = $dir/private/.rand    # private random number file
[ req_distinguished_name ]
 countryName                     = Country Name(2 letter code)
 countryName_default             = CN
 countryName_min                 = 2
 countryName_max                 = 2
 stateOrProvinceName             = State or Province Name (full name)
 stateOrProvinceName_default     = FJ
 localityName                    = Locality Name (eg, city)
 localityName_default            = FZ
 0.organizationName              = Organization Name (eg, company)
 0.organizationName_default      = zdz
 organizationalUnitName          = Organizational Unit Name (eg, section)
 organizationalUnitName_default  = zdz

创建证书私钥

cd /etc/pki/CA/private
 (umask 077;openssl genrsa -out cakey.pem 2048)

生成自签证书

cd /etc/pki/CA/
 openssl req -new -x509 -key private/cakey.pem -out cacert.pem -days=3655

3、创建服务器证书

mkdir /usr/local/nginx/ssl
 cd /usr/local/nginx/ssl
 (umask 077;openssl genrsa -out nginx.key 1024)
 openssl req -new -key nginx.key -out nginx.csr
 openssl ca -in nginx.csr -out nginx.crt -days=3650

4、创建客户端浏览器证书

(umask 077;openssl genrsa -out client.key 1024)
 openssl req -new -key client.key -out client.csr
 openssl ca -in client.csr -out client.crt -days=3650
#将文本格式的证书转换成可以导入浏览器的证书
 openssl pkcs12 -export -clcerts -in client.crt -inkey client.key -out client.p12

5、配置nginx服务器验证

vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
 ssl on;
 ssl_certificate         /usr/local/nginx/ssl/nginx.crt;
 ssl_certificate_key     /usr/local/nginx/ssl/nginx.key;
 ssl_client_certificate  /usr/local/nginx/ssl/cacert.pem;
 ssl_session_timeout     5m;
 #ssl_verify_client       on;                         服务器验证客户端,暂时不开启,让没有证书的客户端可以访问,先完成单向验证
 ssl_protocols           SSLv2 SSLv3 TLSv1;

Linux
点击“我已充分了解可能的风险”
Linux
点击“添加例外”
Linux
点击“确认安全例外”
Linux

 

6、配置双向验证
nginx配置开启ssl_verify_client       on;
在客户端浏览器没有安装证书的情况下访问

Linux
在客户端浏览器导入证书
Linux
将在Linux服务器上生成的客户端证书下载到windows
Linux
打开火狐浏览器的高级选项卡
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在证书管理器中的您的证书中点击导入
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选择证书并导入
Linux
再次刷新网页,弹出“使用确认”点击确定,就实现了双向验证

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