centos上如何yum安装git?

yum install git 出现错误:

[root@myhost test]# yum install git
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * addons: mirror.neu.edu.cn
 * base: mirror.neu.edu.cn
 * extras: mirror.neu.edu.cn
 * updates: mirror.neu.edu.cn
addons                                                                                                                 |  951 B     00:00     
base                                                                                                                   | 2.1 kB     00:00     
extras                                                                                                                 | 2.1 kB     00:00     
updates                                                                                                                | 1.9 kB     00:00     
Setting up Install Process
No package git available.
Nothing to do

解决办法:

需要先添加EPEL(Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux) repository:

#CentOS5.x 32-bit(x86/i386):
 
rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/5/i386/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm
 
#CentOS5.x 64-bit(x64):
 
rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/5/x86_64/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm
 
#CentOS6.x32-bit (x86/i386):
 
rpm -Uvh http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-5.noarch.rpm
 
#CentOS6.x 64-bit(x64):
 
rpm -Uvh http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-5.noarch.rpm

然后yum install git就能安装了。

备注: 查看centos版本的方法:

root@MyMail ~ # cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS release 5.4 (Final)

有以下命令可以查看:

# lsb_release -a
LSB Version::core-3.1-ia32:core-3.1-noarch:graphics-3.1-ia32:graphics-3.1-noarch
Distributor ID: CentOS
Description: CentOS release 5.4 (Final)
Release: 5.4
Codename: Final

这个命令适用于所有的linux,包括Redhat、SuSE、Debian等发行版。

root@MyMail ~ # uname
Linux
root@MyMail ~ # uname -r
2.6.18-164.el5

以下二种方法适用于RedHat,CentOS

root@MyMail ~ # cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS release 5.4 (Final)

登录到linux执行rpm -qredhat-release

#rpm -q redhat-release
或CentOS

root@MyMail ~ # rpm -q centos-release
centos-release-5-4.el5.centos.1

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