Nginx+mysql+php-fpm搭建高性能Nginx平台

images

系统环境:rhel4.7、centos5.5
1、马上看看所需软件

[php]
mysql-5.0.92.tar.gz
libiconv-1.13.tar.gz
libxml2-2.6.31.tar.gz
jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz
freetype-2.3.5.tar.gz
zlib-1.2.3.tar.gz
libpng-1.2.40.tar.gz
gd-2.0.35.tar.gz
libmcrypt-2.5.7.tar.gz
php-5.2.17.tar.gz
php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz
pcre-8.01.tar.gz
nginx-0.9.5.tar.gz
memcache-2.2.5.tgz
eaccelerator-0.9.5.3.tar.bz2

[/php]


呼拉拉,一大堆软件,马上看看怎么安装这一大堆软件!



2、安装mysql

[php]
tar xvfz mysql-5.0.92.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.0.92
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql --localstatedir=/home/var --with-charset=utf8 --with-extra-charsets=all --with-berkeley-db --with-innodb --without-readline --enable-assembler --with-pthread --enable-thread-safe-client --with-client-ldflags=-all-static
make
make install

[/php]

如何不打算在本机器上运行mysql,可以跳过下面这一步
配置mysql

[php]
vi /etc/my.cnf
[client]
character-set-server = utf8
port    = 3306
socket  = /tmp/mysql.sock

[mysqld]
character-set-server = utf8
replicate-ignore-db = mysql
replicate-ignore-db = test
replicate-ignore-db = information_schema
user    = mysql
port    = 3306
socket  = /tmp/mysql.sock
basedir = /usr/local/webserver/mysql
datadir = /home/var
log-error =  /home/var/mysql_error.log
pid-file =/home/var/mysql.pid
open_files_limit    = 10240
back_log = 600
max_connections = 5000
max_connect_errors = 6000
table_cache = 614
external-locking = FALSE
max_allowed_packet = 32M
sort_buffer_size = 1M
join_buffer_size = 1M
thread_cache_size = 300
#thread_concurrency = 8
query_cache_size = 512M
query_cache_limit = 2M
query_cache_min_res_unit = 2k
default-storage-engine = MyISAM
thread_stack = 192K
transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED
tmp_table_size = 246M
max_heap_table_size = 246M
long_query_time = 3
log-slave-updates
log-bin = /home/var//binlog/binlog
binlog_cache_size = 4M
binlog_format = MIXED
max_binlog_cache_size = 8M
max_binlog_size = 1G
relay-log-index = /home/var/relaylog/relaylog
relay-log-info-file = /home/var/relaylog/relaylog
relay-log = /home/var/relaylog/relaylog
expire_logs_days = 30
key_buffer_size = 256M
read_buffer_size = 1M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 64M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
myisam_repair_threads = 1
myisam_recover

interactive_timeout = 120
wait_timeout = 120

skip-name-resolve
#master-connect-retry = 10
slave-skip-errors = 1032,1062,126,1114,1146,1048,1396

#master-host     =   192.168.1.2
#master-user     =   username
#master-password =   password
#master-port     =  3306

server-id = 1

innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 16M
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:256M:autoextend
innodb_file_io_threads = 4
innodb_thread_concurrency = 8
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 16M
innodb_log_file_size = 128M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120
innodb_file_per_table = 0

#log-slow-queries = /home/var/slow.log
#long_query_time = 10

[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 32M
[/php]

初始化数据库及配置启动方法

[php]

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql /home/var
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &
cp ./support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql     mysql.server在安装目录下
chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql
chkconfig --add mysql
service mysql start
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 57DwNRI3pirdSAP
cd /usr/bin
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql mysql

[/php]

3、安装libiconv、libxml2、gd等PHP库

[php]
tar zxvf libiconv-1.13.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.13/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libiconv/
make
make install
cd ..
tar zxvf libxml2-2.6.31.tar.gz
cd libxml2-2.6.31
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libxml2
make
make install
cd ..
mkdir -pv /usr/local/jpeg6/{,bin,lib,include,man/man1,man1}
tar vzxf jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz
cd jpeg-6b
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/jpeg6 --enable-shared --enable-static
make
make install
cd ..
tar zvxf freetype-2.3.5.tar.gz
cd freetype-2.3.5
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/freetype
make
make install
cd ..
tar zvxf zlib-1.2.3.tar.gz
cd zlib-1.2.3
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zlib
make
make install
cd ..
tar zxvf libpng-1.2.40.tar.gz
cd libpng-1.2.40
cp scripts/makefile.std makefile
make
make install
cd ..
tar xzvf gd-2.0.35.tar.gz
cd gd-2.0.35
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/gd --with-png=/usr/local/libpng --with-zlib=/usr/local/zlib --with-freetype=/usr/local/freetype --with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg6 --with-libxml=/usr/local/libxml2
make (make的时候出报错,没关系,再make一次就可以)
make install
cd ..
tar -zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.7.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.7
./configure
make
make install
cd ..
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
[/php]

这样就安装完成php常用的库了
4、接着安装php、php-frm

[php]
tar zxvf php-5.2.17.tar.gz
gzip -cd php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.17 -p1
cd php-5.2.17
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-iconv=/usr/local/libiconv/ --with-libxml-dir=/usr/local/libxml2 --with-gd=/usr/local/gd/ --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg6/ --with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib --with-png-dir=/usr/local/lib --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mcrypt=/usr/local/lib/libmcrypt --enable-mbstring --with-openssl --enable-ftp --with-curl --enable-fastcgi --enable-xml --enable-xml --disable-rpath --enable-discard-path --enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization  --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex  --enable-fpm --enable-force-cgi-redirect --enable-gd-native-ttf --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-ldap --with-ldap-sasl
make
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini
[/php]

PHP的配置一会再说,先把nginx安装完成
5、nginx及php扩展插件

[php]
tar zxvf pcre-8.01.tar.gz
cd pcre-8.01/
./configure
make
make install
cd ..

groupadd www
useradd -g www -d /home/www -s /sbin/nologin www
tar zxvf nginx-0.9.5.tar.gz
cd nginx-0.9.5/
./configure --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module --user=www --group=www --with-http_realip_module
make
make install
cd ..
tar zxvf memcache-2.2.5.tgz
cd memcache-2.2.5/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ..
tar jxvf eaccelerator-0.9.5.3.tar.bz2
cd eaccelerator-0.9.5.3/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --enable-eaccelerator=shared --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ..
mkdir /tmp/eaccelerator
chmod 777 /tmp/eaccelerator
chown www:www /tmp/eaccelerator
[/php]

6、安装完那一大堆软件之后,要开始配置了,下面这些才是关键
第一步:配置php.ini
vi /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini
找到
extension_dir =""
修改成
extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/"
extension = "memcache.so"
再找到
output_buffering=off
修改成
output_buffering = On
再次查找
; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0
把注释去掉
cgi.fix_pathinfo=0
最后跳到php.ini文件的末尾,加入以下内容:

[php]
[eaccelerator]
zend_extension="/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/eaccelerator.so"
eaccelerator.shm_size="16"
eaccelerator.cache_dir="/tmp/eaccelerator"
eaccelerator.enable="1"
eaccelerator.optimizer="1"
eaccelerator.check_mtime="1"
eaccelerator.debug="0"
eaccelerator.filter=""
eaccelerator.shm_max="0"
eaccelerator.shm_ttl="0"
eaccelerator.shm_prune_period="0"
eaccelerator.shm_only="0"
eaccelerator.compress="0"
eaccelerator.compress_level="9"
eaccelerator.keys = "disk_only"
eaccelerator.sessions = "disk_only"
eaccelerator.content = "disk_only"

[/php]

至此,php.ini文件修改完毕!
第二步:配置nginx的FCGI
vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/fcgi.conf
写入以下内容:

[php]
fastcgi_param  GATEWAY_INTERFACE  CGI/1.1;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_SOFTWARE    nginx;
fastcgi_param  QUERY_STRING       $query_string;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_METHOD     $request_method;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_TYPE       $content_type;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_LENGTH     $content_length;
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME        $fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_URI        $request_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_URI       $document_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_ROOT      $document_root;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PROTOCOL    $server_protocol;
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_ADDR        $remote_addr;
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_PORT        $remote_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_ADDR        $server_addr;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PORT        $server_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_NAME        $server_name;
# PHP only, required if PHP was built with --enable-force-cgi-redirect
fastcgi_param  REDIRECT_STATUS    200;

[/php]

第三步:配置php-fpm文件
mv /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.bak
vi /root/lnmp/php-fpm.conf
重新写入以下内容

[php]

All relative paths in this config are relative to php's install prefix
<section>
Pid file
/usr/local/php/logs/php-fpm.pid
Error log file
/usr/local/php/logs/php-fpm.log
Log level
notice
When this amount of php processes exited with SIGSEGV or SIGBUS ...
10
... in a less than this interval of time, a graceful restart will be initiated.
Useful to work around accidental curruptions in accelerator's shared memory.
1m
Time limit on waiting child's reaction on signals from master
5s
Set to 'no' to debug fpm
yes
</section>

<section>
Name of pool. Used in logs and stats.
default
Address to accept fastcgi requests on.
Valid syntax is 'ip.ad.re.ss:port' or just 'port' or '/path/to/unix/socket'
127.0.0.1:9000

Set listen(2) backlog
-1
Set permissions for unix socket, if one used.
In Linux read/write permissions must be set in order to allow connections from web server.
Many BSD-derrived systems allow connections regardless of permissions.

0666

Additional php.ini defines, specific to this pool of workers.

/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i
0

Unix user of processes
www
Unix group of processes
www
Process manager settings

Sets style of controling worker process count.
Valid values are 'static' and 'apache-like'
static
Sets the limit on the number of simultaneous requests that will be served.
Equivalent to Apache MaxClients directive.
Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment in original php.fcgi
Used with any pm_style.
128
Settings group for 'apache-like' pm style

Sets the number of server processes created on startup.
Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected
20
Sets the desired minimum number of idle server processes.
Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected
5
Sets the desired maximum number of idle server processes.
Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected
35

The timeout (in seconds) for serving a single request after which the worker process will be terminated
Should be used when 'max_execution_time' ini option does not stop script execution for some reason
'0s' means 'off'
0s
The timeout (in seconds) for serving of single request after which a php backtrace will be dumped to slow.log file
'0s' means 'off'
0s
The log file for slow requests
logs/slow.log
Set open file desc rlimit
65535
Set max core size rlimit
0
Chroot to this directory at the start, absolute path

Chdir to this directory at the start, absolute path

Redirect workers' stdout and stderr into main error log.
If not set, they will be redirected to /dev/null, according to FastCGI specs
yes
How much requests each process should execute before respawn.
Useful to work around memory leaks in 3rd party libraries.
For endless request processing please specify 0
Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS
1024
Comma separated list of ipv4 addresses of FastCGI clients that allowed to connect.
Equivalent to FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment in original php.fcgi (5.2.2+)
Makes sense only with AF_INET listening socket.
127.0.0.1
Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH
All $VARIABLEs are taken from current environment

$HOSTNAME
/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
/tmp
/tmp
/tmp
$OSTYPE
$MACHTYPE
2
[/php]

第四步:配置nginx.conf文件
vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
写入以下内容

[php]
user www www;
worker_processes 8;
worker_cpu_affinity 0001 0010 0100 1000 0001 0010 0100 1000;
#error_log  /usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log;
#error_log  /usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  /usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log  info;
#pid        logs/nginx.pid;
worker_rlimit_nofile 204800;
events {
use epoll;
worker_connections 204800;
}
http {
include       mime.types;
default_type  application/octet-stream;
#log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
#                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
#                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
#access_log  logs/access.log  main;
sendfile        on;
tcp_nopush     on;
tcp_nodelay    on;
keepalive_timeout  60;
#ip_hash;
ignore_invalid_headers   on;
recursive_error_pages    on;
server_name_in_redirect off;
server_tokens           off;
gzip on;
gzip_comp_level  9;
gzip_min_length  1100;
gzip_buffers  4 8k;
gzip_http_version  1.1;
gzip_types text/plain text/css application/x-javascript text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript;
server_names_hash_bucket_size 256;
client_header_buffer_size 16K;
large_client_header_buffers 4 64k;
client_max_body_size             50m;
client_body_buffer_size        256k;
client_header_timeout     3m;
client_body_timeout 3m;
send_timeout             3m;
open_file_cache max=204800 inactive=20s;
open_file_cache_min_uses 1;
open_file_cache_valid 30s;

server
{
listen       80;
server_name lihuipeng.blog.51cto.com;
index index.html index.php;
root  /home/www/blog;
access_log  /home/logs/access_lihuipeng.blog.51cto.com.log;

if (-d $request_filename){
rewrite ^/(.*)([^/])$ http://$host/$1$2/ permanent;
}

error_page   500 502 503 504 404 403 http://lihuipeng.blog.51cto.com;

location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$ {
expires 30d;
}
location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$ {
expires 6h;
}
location ~ .*\.(log|txt)$
{
deny all;
}
location ~ .*\.(php)?$
{
fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
include fcgi.conf;
}
}
}
[/php]

7、启动服务
/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx
看看有没启动成功

[php]
[root@localhost ~]# netstat -tunlp
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address               Foreign Address             State       PID/Program name
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:199               0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      3937/snmpd
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:9000              0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      3954/php-cgi
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:3306                0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      2662/mysqld
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:80                  0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      18066/nginx
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:21                  0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      17955/vsftpd
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:25                0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      4137/sendmail: acce
tcp        0      0 :::5989                     :::*                        LISTEN      2714/cimserver
tcp        0      0 :::22                       :::*                        LISTEN      2574/sshd
udp        0      0 0.0.0.0:161                 0.0.0.0:*                               3937/snmpd

[/php]

看见php-cgi和nginx端口在正常监听!
本文出自 “疯狂的猴子” 博客,请务必保留此出处http://lihuipeng.blog.51cto.com/3064864/561862

还没有评论,快来抢沙发!

发表评论

  • 😉
  • 😐
  • 😡
  • 😈
  • 🙂
  • 😯
  • 🙁
  • 🙄
  • 😛
  • 😳
  • 😮
  • emoji-mrgree
  • 😆
  • 💡
  • 😀
  • 👿
  • 😥
  • 😎
  • ➡
  • 😕
  • ❓
  • ❗
  • 68 queries in 0.431 seconds